HBC Journals Fort Carlton 1796 to 1839

HBC Journals Fort Carlton 1796 to 1839

First called Carlton House, two previous posts were established in 1795 and 1805 respectively, before being abandoned for the third and permanent fort.[1]

Three Locations

  • The first Fort Carlton (1795-1801) was built at a safer site near the old French post of Fort de la Corne in 1795 following the destruction of South Branch House. James Bird was in charge;[2] James Sandison (Sanderson)[3] was his assistant; and John Peter Pruden[4] was an apprentice. From 1799 to 1801, Joseph Howse (Howes)[5] was the writer in charge. The NWC had a nearby post called Fort St. Louis. It produced few furs and was closed in 1801.
  • The second Fort Carlton (1805-1810) was built on the South Saskatchewan River six miles upstream from the former South Branch House. Joseph Howse (Howes)[5] was a trader. There was a nearby NWC post. In 1810 both companies abandoned the South Saskatchewan and moved to the third Fort Carlton.
  • The third Fort Carlton (1810-1885) was built on the south bank of the North Saskatchewan at the Great Crossing Place, a ford of that river. John Peter Pruden[6] was master (1814-1815), master and trader (1815-1820) and chief trader (1821 - 1837) except for a brief furlough to London in 1824-1825. The area was prairie and not beaver country, but there were plentiful woods nearby and even a supply of limestone. The NWC had its Fort La Mont©e inside the same stockade as Fort Carlton. In 1816 the Nor'Westers moved out and established a second Fort La Mont©e on the north bank 3 miles upstream. With the union in 1821 La Mont©e was abandoned and whatever could be salvaged was rafted down to Fort Carlton. In 1824 a group of Plains Indians tried to attack the fort but were driven off. By 1835 the buildings were in disrepair and a new hexagonal fort was built 200 yards to the west. This fell into disrepair and a new fort was built a few yards east of the first fort in 1855-58. About this time it was a depot for the winter express mail. Men coming from the upper Saskatchewan and Athabasca would meet and exchange mail with men coming from the Red River country south of Lake Winnipeg. There was a smallpox epidemic in 1869. Steamboats arrived on the Saskatchewan in 1874.

from Wikipedia





Fort Carlton Journals
Ft Carlton 1796-1797 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1796-1797 part 2
Ft Carlton 1797-1798
Ft Carlton 1814-1815
Ft Carlton 1815-1816 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1815-1816 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1816-1817 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1816-1817 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1817 J McLeod deposition
Ft Carlton 1818-1819 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1818-1819 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1819-1820
Ft Carlton 1820-1821 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1820-1821 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1821-1822 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1821-1822 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1822-1823 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1822-1823 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1823-1824 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1823-1824 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1824-1825 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1824-1825 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1825 (Jan)-1825(May) Part 1
Ft Carlton 1825 (Jan)-1825(May) Part 2
Ft Carlton 1826(June)-1827 (May) Part 1
Ft Carlton 1826(June)-1827 (May) Part 2
Ft Carlton 1827 (June)-1828 (May) Part 1
Ft Carlton 1827 (June)-1828 (May) Part 2
Ft Carlton 1828 (June)-1829(May) Part 1
Ft Carlton 1828 (June)-1829(May) Part 2
Ft Carlton 1829 (June)-1830(June) Part 1
Ft Carlton 1829 (June)-1830(June) Part 2
Ft Carlton 1832 (June)- 1833(June)
Ft Carlton 1833(June)- 1834(Feb)
Ft Carlton 1834 - 1835 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1834 - 1835 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1836 - 1837 Part 1
Ft Carlton 1836 - 1837 Part 2
Ft Carlton 1838 - 1839
Ft Carlton Reports 1815-1827